This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of prenatal screening for trisomy 18 with the use of the frontomaxillary facial angle FMF angle measurement. There were 30 fetuses with trisomy FMF angle was highly significantly larger in fetuses with trisomy 18 as compared to chromosomally normal fetuses. Two models of first trimester screening were compared: The use of FMF angle measurement increases the effectiveness of the screening for trisomy
In a general way the facial angle is the angle made by the axis of the face with the axis of the skull. Since the first-suggested facial angle that of Camper, , many others have been proposed which differ in the selection both of the horizontal and of the particular points selected for the determination of the oblique facial line, as is indicated by the accompanying figure. The main purpose of the facial angle was to indicate the amount of gnathism or projection of the upper jaw, this being regarded as significant in zoological evolution, and also in the evolution of the higher races. For this distinctive purpose the ordinary facial angle is by some Topinard regarded as unsatisfactory, and the inferior facial or subfacial angle formed at the alveolar point C by lines to the subnasal point D and the occipital condyle F is regarded as a better index of prognathism.
Juvederm Voluma XC for the Treatment of Hypoplastic Chin
Prior to treatment, the principal investigator will evaluate the severity of chin recession using a 90 degree image and a goniometer to measure the angle from the glabella to the chin. Subjects will be eligible for injection if the angle measures between - degrees. Facial digital photography will be captured prior to treatment and at each subsequent visit. The subject will complete a safety and injection site response ISR diary beginning on the evening of treatment.
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